Education Quality across Indonesia's Districts: Estimations from a Policy Experiment

In this paper, Goldy and Daniel take advantage of a government policy to change the mode of the national examination administration, from paper-based to computer-based testing, to estimate the quality of education in Indonesia at the district level. The esults indicate that education quality across the country's districts is highly heterogeneous. The gap in results between the highest-scoring and lowest-scoring districts shows that children in the latter have been attending schools for nine years with minimal learning outcomes.


Averting an Education Catastrophe for the World’s Children

Education is facing a triple crisis: the vast majority of children in the world have been affected by school closures; the impending financial crisis could lead to a financing gap for education systems globally; and these COVID-related impacts are hitting an education system that was already in crisis even before the pandemic with millions of the world’s children out of school or in school but learning very little.