Essay

What Changed? Exploring Teacher Incentives, Social Accountability, and Student Outcomes in Indonesia

What causes gains in student learning? When a policy change or intervention yields better student learning outcomes, this is cause for celebration. But if we want those learning gains to become a reality for other children in other contexts, we need to go beyond celebration toward analysing what exactly the intervention achieved—such as whether the learning gains were accompanied by undesirable side effects—and how exactly the intervention achieved it.

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The unconventional message from Minister Nadiem and why teachers have yet to enable students to have the freedom to learn

During the commemoration of the Teachers’ Day on November 25, Indonesia’s newly appointed Minister of Education and Culture Nadiem Makarim asked teachers to become the agents of change for the freedom to learn in the country.

EN

The competence of Indonesian primary school teachers is substandard, and the government’s measures to improve it has been imprecise

Teacher competence and professionalism play an important role in the success of student learning. As long as the government does not prioritise improving the quality of teachers or mapping the competence of teachers, it is difficult to imagine that the quality of education in Indonesia will be better.

EN

Crisis in learning quality: Why do student guardians rarely question schools and the government?

Despite the low quality of student learning in Indonesia, student guardians rarely question this acute problem openly and en masse to teachers, schools, government, and parliament. Parents deal with their children’s poor learning outcome by signing them up to private lessons. 

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